Baby Photograph

Research References on Early Brain Development and Related Topics

 

Brain Anatomy

Brain Development

Attachment

Child Development

Critical Periods

Early Childhood Policy and Statistics

Emotional Development

Language Development

Physical Well-Being

Play

Stress and Trauma

Brain Anatomy

Amaral, D.G., Bauman, M.D., Capitanio, J.P., Lavenex, P., Mason, W.A., Mauldin-Jourdain, M.L., & Mendoza, S.P. (2003). The amygdala: is it an essential component of the neural network for social cognition? Neuropsychologia, 41, 517-522.
Berger, K. S. (2008).  The developing person through childhood (6th ed.).  New York: Worth.
Center for Functional MRI. (2016). What is fMRI? University of California San Diego School of Medicine. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from fmri.ucsd.edu/Research/whatisfmri.html.
Child Trauma Academy (2002).  The amazing human brain and human development.  Retrieved July 1, 2016 from www.childtraumaacademy.com/amazing_brain/index.html
Chudler, E. (2016).  Neuroscience for kids.  Retrieved June 1, 2016 from faculty.washington.edu/chudler/cells.html.
Green, T., Heinemann, S. F., & Gusella, J. F. (1998). Molecular neurobiology and genetics: Investigation of neural function and dysfunction. Neuron, 20(3), 427 – 444.
Haines, D. E. (2012).  Fundamental Neuroscience (4th Ed.).  New York: Churchill Livingstone.
Hamalainen, M. (2007). Magnetoencephalography (MEG). Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from www.nmr.mgh.harvard.edu/research/imaging-technologies/meg.
Joseph, R. (2011).  Brain E-Books: Clinical Neuroscience Neuropsychology, Neuropsychiatry, Behavioral Neurology.  Retrieved July 1, 2016from brainmind.com/ParietalLobe.html
Kandel, E., Schwartz, J., & Jessell, T. (2012).  Principles of neural science (5th Ed.).  New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kolb, B. (1999). Neuroanatomy and development overview. In N. A. Fox, L. A. Leavitt, & J. G. Warhol (Eds.), The role of early experience in infant development (pp. 5–14). Calverton, NY: Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute.
Kuffler, S. W. (1956). Discharge patterns and functional organization of mammalian retina. Journal of Neurophysiology 16, 37-68.
Pakkenberg B, Gundersen H. J. (1997). Neocortical neuron number in humans: Effect of sex and age. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 384(2), 312-20.

Posit Science (2016).  Brain connection. Retrieved June 1, 2014 from brainconnection.positscience.com/.

Ratey, J. J. (2002). A user’s guide to the brain: Perception, attention, and the four theaters of the brain. New York: Pantheon.
Society for Neuroscience (2008). Brain facts: A primer on the brain and nervous system. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from bit.ly/SFNBrainFacts.
Sprenger, M. (1999). Learning and Memory: The Brain in Action. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
University of Utah (2016). Brain imaging technologies. RetrievedJuly 1, 2016 from learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/brainimaging
Woolsey, T. A., Hanaway, J., & Gado, M. H., (2007). The brain atlas: A visual guide to the human central nervous system (3rd Ed.) Wilmington, DE: Wiley-Liss.
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Brain Development

Bonnier, C. (2008). Evaluation of early stimulation programs for enhancing brain development. Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992), 97(7), 853-858.
Chugani, H. T. (2004, Summer). Fine-tuning the baby brain. The Dana Forum on Brain Science, 6, 1–14.
de Haan, M. & Gunnar, M. R. (2009).  Handbook of developmental neuroscience.  New York: The Guilford Press.
de Haan, M. & Johnson, M. H. (Eds.) (2004).  The cognitive neuroscience of development.  New York: Psychology Press.
deSchoenen, S. (1999). About functional brain specialization: The development of face recognition. In N. A. Fox, L. A. Leavitt, & J. G. Warhol (Eds.), The role of early experience in infant development (pp. 191–208). Calverton, NY: Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute.
Diamond, Marian and Hopson, J. (1998). Magic Trees of the Mind. New York, Penguin Group. Available through bookstores.
Dodge, D. T., and Heroman, C. (1999). Building Your Baby's Brain: A Parent's Guide to the First Five Years. Teaching Strategies.
Eliot, L. (1999). What's Going on in There? How the Brain and Mind Develop in the First Five Years of Life. New York: Bantam Books.
Galinsky, E. (2010).  Mind in the making.  New York: HarperCollins Publishers
Ghashghaei, H. T., Lai, C., & Anton, E. S. (2007). Neuronal migration in the adult brain: Are we there yet? Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8(2), 141-151.
Gopnik, A., Meltzoff, A. N., and Kuhl, P. K. (1999). The Scientist in the Crib: Minds, Brains and How Children Learn. New York: William Morrow.
Greenspan, S. (1999). Building Healthy Minds: the Six Experiences that Create Intelligence and Emotional Growth in Babies and Young Children. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books.
Healy, J. M. (2004). Your child's growing mind: A practical guide to brain development and learning from birth to adolescence. New York: Doubleday.
Joseph, R. (2011).  Infant and child brain development: Cognition, consciousness, behavior, language, gender, and emotion.  University Press.
Kolb, B. (1999). Neuroanatomy and development overview. In N. A. Fox, L. A. Leavitt, & J. G. Warhol (Eds.), The role of early experience in infant development (pp. 5–14). Calverton, NY: Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute.
Marshall, P.J., Fox, N.A., & the BEIP Core Group. (2004). A comparison of the electroencephalogram between institutionalized and community children in Romania. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 1327–1338.
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2010). Early experiences can alter gene expression and affect long-term development. Working Paper No. 10. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from www.developingchild.harvard.edu.
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2011). Building the brain’s “air traffic control” system: How early experiences shape the development of executive function. Working Paper No. 11. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from www.developingchild.harvard.edu.
Nelson, C. A., de Haan, M., & Thomas, K. M. (2006).  Neuroscience of cognitive development: The role of experience and the developing brain.  New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Nelson, C. A. & Luciana, M. (2008).  Handbook of developmental cognitive neuroscience.  Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.
Shonkoff, J. P, & Phillips, D. A. (Eds.) (2000). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Shonkoff, J. P. (2003). From neurons to neighborhoods: old and new challenges for developmental and behavioral pediatrics. Journal Of Developmental And Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP, 24(1), 70-76.
Supekar, K., Musen, M., & Menon, V. (2009). Development of large-scale functional brain networks in children. PLoS Biology, 7(7), 1-15.
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Attachment

Becker-Weidman, A., & Shell, D., (Eds). (2005). Creating Capacity for Attachment. Bethany, OK: Wood 'N' Barnes.
Bowlby, J. (1969).  Attachment. Vol 1 of Attachment and loss. New York: Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1973). Separation: Anxiety & Anger. Vol. 2 of Attachment and loss. New York: Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1980) Loss: Sadness & Depression. Vol. 3 of Attachment and loss. New York: Basic Books.
Bretherton, I. (1992). The Origins of Attachment Theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Developmental Psychology, 28, 759-775.
Cassidy, J., & Shaver, P., (Eds). (1999) Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications. New York: Guilford Press.
Cozolino, L. (2006).  The neuroscience of human relationships: Attachment and the developing social brain.  New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Dinero, R. E., Conger, R. D., Shaver, P. R., Widaman, K. F., & Larsen-Rife, D. (2010).  Influence of family of origin and adult romantic partners on romantic attachment security.  Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 1, 16-30.
Dubois-Comtois, K., Cyr, C., & Moss, E. (2011).  Attachment behavior and mother-child conversations as predictors of attachment representations in middle childhood: A longitudinal study.  Attachment and Human Development, 13(4), 335-357.
Howe, D. (2011).  Attachment across the lifecourse: A brief introduction.  Palgrave Macmillan.
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2004). Young children develop in an environment of relationships. Working Paper No. 1. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from www.developingchild.harvard.edu.
Perry, B. (2001) Bonding and Attachment in Maltreated Children: Consequences of emotional neglect in childhood. Child Trauma Academy-New York.
Stenger, B. (2011).  An exploration of attachment theory: Links between relationships and emotionality.  UMI Dissertation Publishing.
von der Lippe, A., Eilertsen, D. E., Hartmann, E., & Killen, K. (2010).  The role of maternal attachment in children’s attachment and cognitive executive functioning: A preliminary study.  Attachment & Human Development, 12(5), 429-444.
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Child Development

Berger, K. S. (2008). The developing person through childhood (5th ed.). New York: Worth.
Berk, L. E. (2013). Child development (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

Santrock, J. (2012). Children (12th Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Williamson, G, G., & Anzalone, M.E. (2001). Sensory integration and self-regulation in infants and toddlers: Helping very young children interact with their environment. Washington, DC: Zero to Three.
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Critical Periods

Bailey, D. B., Jr., Bruer, J. T., Symons, F. J., & Lichtman, J. W. (2001). Critical thinking about critical periods. Baltimore, MD: Brookes.
Greenough, W. T., & Black, J. E. (1999). Experience, neural plasticity, and psychological development. In N. A. Fox, L. A. Leavitt, & J. G. Warhol (Eds.), The role of early experience in infant development (pp. 29–40). Calverton, NY: Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute.
Huttenlocher, P. (1999). Synaptogenesis in human cerebral cortex and the concept of critical periods. In N. A. Fox, L. A. Leavitt, & J. G. Warhol (Eds.), The role of early experience in infant development (pp. 15–28). Calverton, NY: Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute.
Knudsen, E.I. (2004). Sensitive periods in the development of the brain and behavior. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 1412–1425.
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2008). The timing and quality of early experiences combine to shape brain aArchitecture. Working Paper No. 5. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/the-timing-and-quality-of-early-experiences-combine-to-shape-brain-architecture/.
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Early Childhood Policy and Statistics

Babies, Practitioners and Public Policy. (2001). Washington, DC. Zero To Three, Volume 21, No. 6. Bulletin of Zero To Three National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families.
Carnegie Corporation of New York. (1994, April). Starting Points: Meeting the Needs of Our Youngest Children. P.O. Box 753, Waldorf, MD 20604. 212/371-3200.
Early Childhood Development. (2000). Putting Knowledge into Action. Washington, DC. Grantmakers in Health Issue Dialogue. Issue Brief No. 8
Larner, M., Behrman, R., Young, Marie, & Reich, K. (2001) Caring for Infants and Toddlers. Los Altos, CA. The Future of Children, Volume 2, No 1. The David and Lucile Packard Foundation.
National Forum on Early Childhood Policy and Programs. (2008). Workforce development, welfare reform, and child well-being. Working Paper No. 7. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/workforce-development-welfare-reform-and-child-well-being/.
Weinstein, J & Weinstein, R. (2000). Before It's Too Late: Neuropsychological Consequences of Child Neglect and Their Implications for Law and Social Policy. Ann Arbor, MI. University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, Volume 33 Issue 4.
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Emotional Development

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2004). Children's emotional development is built into the architecture of their brains. Working Paper No. 2. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/childrens-emotional-development-is-built-into-the-architecture-of-their-brains/.
Pruett, K. D. (1999). Me, Myself, and I: How children build their sense of self - 18 to 36 months. New York: Goddard.
Williamson, G, G., & Anzalone, M.E. (2001). Sensory integration and self-regulation in infants and toddlers: Helping very young children interact with their environment. Washington, DC: Zero to Three.
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Language Development

Huttenlocher, J. (1999). Language input and language growth. In N. A. Fox, L. A. Leavitt, & J. G. Warhol (Eds.), The role of early experience in infant development (pp. 69–82). Calverton, NY: Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute.
Juczyk, P. W. (1995). Language acquisition: Speech sounds and phonological development. In J. L. Miller & P. D. Eimas (Eds.), Handbook of perception and cognition: Vol. 11. Speech, language, and communication (pp. 263–301). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.
Kuhl, P.K. (2004). Early language acquisition: cracking the speech code. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 5, 831-843.
Matsuda, Y.-T., Ueno, K., Waggoner, R. A., Erickson, D., Shimura, Y., Tanaka, K., et al. (2011). Processing of infant-directed speech by adults. NeuroImage, 54(1), 611-621.
Zhang, Y., Kuhl, P.K., Imada, T., Kotani, M., and Tohkura, Y. (2005). Effects of language experience: Neural commitment to language-specific auditory patterns. NeuroImage, 26, 703-720.
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Physical Well-Being

Brown, A., Raynor, P., & Lee, M. (2011).  Healthcare professionals’ and mothers’ perceptions of factors that influence decisions to breastfeed or formula feed infants: A comparative study.  Journal of Advanced Nursing, 67(9), 1993-2003.
Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University (2010). The foundations of lifelong health are built in early childhood. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/the-foundations-of-lifelong-health-are-built-in-early-childhood/.
Center on Hunger, Poverty and Nutrition Policy, (1995), Statement on the link between nutrition and cognitive development in children. Boston, MA: Tufts University School of Nutrition.
Larson, R. (2012), ADA complete food and nutrition guide (3rd Ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Gaines, J., & Schwebel, D. C. (2009). Recognition of home injury risks by novice parents of toddlers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 41(5), 1070-1074.
Newachek, P.W., Hughes, D.C., Hung, Y.Y., Wong, S. & Stoddard, J.J. (2000). The unmet health needs of America’s children. Pediatrics, 105 (4), 989-997.
Reading, R. (2011).  Breast feeding and child behavior in the Millennium Cohort Study.  Child: Care, health & development, 37(5), 754.
Shonkoff, J. P., Boyce, W. T., & McEwen, B. S. (2009). Neuroscience, molecular biology, and the childhood roots of health disparities: building a new framework for health promotion and disease prevention. JAMA: The Journal Of The American Medical Association, 301(21), 2252-2259.
Smithers, L. & McIntyre, E. (2010).  The impact of breastfeeding: Translating recent evidence for practice.  Australian Family Physician, 39(10), 757-760.
Stang,J. (2006), Improving the eating patterns of infants and toddlers. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 106 (1), S7-S9.
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Play

Bergen, D. (Ed.) (1987). Play as a medium for learning and development: A handbook of theory and practice. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
Brown, S., & Vaughan, C. (2009). Play: How it shapes the brain, opens the imagination, and invigorates the soul. New York: Avery/Penguin.
Frost, J., Wortham, S., & Reifel, S. (2001). Play and child development. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall.
Hughes, F. P. (2010). Children, play, and development (4th Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Klein, T.P., Wirth, D., & Linas, K. (2003). Play: Children's context for development. Young Children, 58, 38-45.
Kordt-Thomas, C., & Lee, I.M. (2006). Floor time: Rethinking play in the classroom. Young Children, 61, 86-90.
Miller, E., & Almon, J. (2009). Crisis in the kindergarten: Why children need to play in school. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from http://bit.ly/crisisinkindergarten.
Pellegrini, A. D. (2010). The Oxford handbook of the development of play (1st Ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Rauscher, F.H., Shaw, G.L., Levine, L.J., Wright, E.L., Dennis, W.R., & Newcomb, R.L. (1997). Music training causes long-term enhancement of preschool children’s spatial-temporal reasoning. Neurological Research, 19, 2-8.
Rubin, K. H., Fein, G. G., & Vandenberg, B. (1983). Play. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 4 Socialization, personality, and social development (4th ed., pp. 693–744). New York: Wiley.
Wood, E. (2007). New directions in play: Consensus or collision? Education 3-13: International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education, 35(4), 309-320.
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Stress and Trauma

Cutuli, J. J., Wiik, K. L., Herbers, J. E., Gunnar, M. R., & Masten, A. S. (2010). Cortisol function among early school-aged homeless children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35(6), 833-845.
Karr-Morse, R., & Wiley, M. S. (1998). Ghosts from the nursery: Tracing the roots of violence. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.
Kishiyama, M. M., Boyce, W. T., Jimenez, A. M., Perry, L. M., & Knight, R. T. (2009). Socioeconomic disparities affect prefrontal function in children. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21(6), 1106-1115.
Kotulak, R. and The Chicago Tribute. (1996). Inside the brain: Revolutionary discoveries of how the mind works. Kansas City, MO: Andrews McMeel Publishing.
Majer, M., Nater, U. M., Lin, J. S., Capuron, L., & Reeves, W. (2010).  Association of childhood trauma with cognitive function in health adults: A pilot study.  BMC Neurology, 10, 61-70.
McGilly, K., Winter, M., & Strube, M. (2000). Linking neuroscience and education to improve parenting of young children. St. Louis, MO: Parents as Teachers National Center, Inc.
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2005). Excessive stress disrupts the architecture of the brain. Working Paper No. 3. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/wp3/
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2006). Early exposure to toxic substances damages brain Architecture. Working Paper No. 4. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/early-exposure-to-toxic-substances-damages-brain-architecture/.
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child.(2008). Establishing a level foundation for life: Mental health begins in early childhood. Working Paper No. 6. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/establishing-a-level-foundation-for-life-mental-health-begins-in-early-childhood/.
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2009). Maternal depression can undermine the development of young children. Working Paper No. 8. Retrieved July 1, 2016 from developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/maternal-depression-can-undermine-the-development-of-young-children/.
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2009). Persistent fear and anxiety can affect young children’s learning and development. Working Paper No. 9. Retrieved June 1, 2014 from developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/persistent-fear-and-anxiety-can-affect-young-childrens-learning-and-development/.
Nehoff, D. (1999). The Biology of Violence: How Understanding the Brain, Behavior and Environment Can Break the Vicious Cycle of Aggression. New York, NY: Free Press.
Perry. B. D. (2002). Childhood Experience and the Expression of Genetic Potential: What Childhood Neglect Tells Us about Nature and Nurture. Brain and Mind, 3, 79–100.
Ruth, L. A., Vermetten, E., & Pain, C. (2010).  Impact of early life trauma on health and disease: The hidden epidemic.  New York: Cambridge University Press.
Young, A., Kenardy, J., & Cobham, V. (2011).  Trauma in early childhood: A neglected population.  Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14(3), 231-250.
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